Фасадный декор и основные его виды

Стремление максимально украсить свой дом, используя декор фасада, вполне понятно и не требует длительных объяснений — всем приятно жить не в бетонной коробке, для чего существуют квартиры в многоэтажных домах, а в действительно уютном и привлекательном жилье, хорошо выглядящем не только изнутри, но также и снаружи. Именно для этого и существует производство фасадного декора, помогающее быстро и, что особенно важно, довольно недорого, в сравнении с классическими способами, выполнить декор фасада дома, обладающий действительно уникальным и неповторимым дизайном. С этой целью может использоваться декор фасад различных видов, основные из которых мы рассмотрим ниже.

Производство фасадного декора каких видов обычно выполняется?

Все рассмотренные элементы, равно как и некоторые другие, может предоставить для вашего дома современное производство фасадного декора, применяющее только актуальные материалы.

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Glass fiber concrete is beautiful, embossed, but thin-walled, lightweight, durable products, as well as excellent waterproofing and mechanical protection. One of the main directions of use of GFC is architectural decor.


Benefits of glass fiber concerete

High strength (several times stronger than concrete)

Durability

Maintainability

Low weight

Environmental friendliness

Below is an example of the same product made of monolithic concrete and Glass Fiber Concrete. A product made of Glass Fiber Concrete is several times lighter than a monolithic one due to its hollowness, and the strength of this product is several times higher. High durability of products made of Glass Fiber concrete is achieved through the use of a special Alkali-resistant roving, which reinforces the concrete and increases its strength in several times.

Types of fiber concrete

Modern construction technologies are developing rapidly, because the requirements for them in today's world are getting tougher and tougher. In addition to equipment, the materials used in construction are also being improved. One of the ways to improve the characteristics of existing materials is to add new connecting elements - strong fibers, which reinforce the resulting material, making it much stronger. In particular, this includes reinforced concrete, whose properties are superior to those of conventional branded concrete in all respects. There are different types of concrete reinforcement, among which Fiber Reinforced Concrete stands out, which is the most promising. The fiber concrete resulting from this type of reinforcement is divided into classes depending on which fibers are used for reinforcement. Fibers made of the following materials are most often used:

  • of steel
  • of synthetic fibers
  • of usual glass fiber
  • with Alkali-resistant glass fiber

The material «Glass fiber concrete» is the result of the use of the latter type of fiber and it is important quite simple and inexpensive to manufacture.

The main functions and features of Glass fiber concrete (GFC)

At its core, glass fiber concrete is a very durable and relatively light construction material, the production of which uses two main components: fine-grained concrete (concrete-matrix) and strengthens its fiber from fiberglass. The reinforcing fibers can be distributed over the entire volume of the element obtained from Glass fiber concrete or to prevail in any of its parts (zones). This material owes its excellent characteristics to the firm adhesion of concrete to the entire huge surface of fibers, which can range from 10,000 to 50,000 square meters (depending on the purpose of the material).

Since durability and strength of glass fiber concrete are significantly better than conventional concrete, and labor and construction costs are reduced with its use, wider use of this material and increasing its production can significantly reduce the cost of construction and maintenance of facilities in general.

In addition to its excellent strength, glass fiber concrete obtained by dispersing reinforcement also has high resistance to moisture, temperature, dynamic loads and many other destructive factors. These abilities make Fiberglass concrete a very effective material, both for the erection of construction projects and for their further exploitation.

Смотреть встроенную онлайн галерею в:
https://en.gaudibud.com/production/pro-material#sigProIda40089603f


Here you can see that the outer surface of the object is flat and smooth, because this upper layer was formed without the use of fibers, so that the surface does not have to be additionally processed and cleaned of fiberglass elements. But all the following layers, hidden from view after the installation of the product, consisting of glass-fiber concrete.

Depending on the purpose of use, glass-fiber concrete can be given different properties by changing the size and quantity of fibers, combining them and production technology. As a result, it allows you to obtain glass-fiber concrete with different applications of decorative, special, structural or waterproofing.

The range of outstanding properties of glass-fiber concrete is very wide. Its high resistance to bending and impact loads, crack formation, water and fire. Successfully combined with the ability to create objects of almost any desired shape and, if necessary, to provide them with a beautiful and impeccable appearance.

Conventional concrete offers very little opportunity to realize bold architectural ideas. In contrast, Glass-fiber concrete, being a material quite light and plastic, which takes almost any necessary form is beyond competition, especially when you consider the ease of processing, transportation and installation on site. Restoration of buildings with the use of Glass Fiber Concrete provides an opportunity to significantly reduce the load on the foundation and structures, in turn, saving money and time and eliminating unnecessary labor-intensive work.

Classification by type of reinforcement
Glass-fiber concrete products can be reinforced in different ways and are divided into structures accordingly:

  • fiber-reinforced - when only fiberglass fibers are used, divided into all or part of the product
  • with combined reinforcement - in this case, in addition to glass fiber, rod and wire steel fittings are also used

Application of Glass Fiber Concrete
GFC elements of small thickness are used for erection and finishing of buildings, for which the following are of special importance: reduction of own weight, increase of cracking resistance, protection against water penetration, durability, increase of impact toughness and resistance to abrasion, as well as improvement of environmental friendliness and architectural expressiveness.

For a visual acquaintance with the real possibilities of using Glass Fiber Concrete we offer you the following photos. On them the buildings constructed by firm GaudiBud which facades are executed completely from SFB-elements are represented. Knowledge of remarkable properties of Glass Fiber Concrete and contemplation of such results of its application do not leave any doubts in its prospects.

Depending on the situation, one of the following manufacturing methods can be used to manufacture Glass Fiber Concrete:

  • single-layer panels with stiffening ribs
  • permanent formwork with casting

The shape and pattern of the finishing elements obtained from Glass Fiber Concrete can be almost any: from the strict drawing to the free forms, elements of heraldry and ornaments. To do this, you simply need a corresponding relief blank made of wood, metal, plastic or polyurethane. A variety of colours can be achieved through the use of white or grey cement with the addition of dyes, sand and other permissible colour and flammable materials.

The thickness of the layer gives the processing surface the necessary appearance, is small enough (5-6 mm) and thus does not require large amounts of materials and, consequently, money. A thin layer of finishing for natural stone, slate or ceramic tiles is carried out on the glass-fiber concrete panel is part of the construction with a supporting frame.

Glass-fiber concrete allows to get rid of monotony and massiveness of metal structures, plasticity, cumbersomeness and clumsiness of concrete structures.

In addition to the finishing panels, the facades of buildings can be very successfully added to the design of individual elements to decorate the appearance, such as antique, to maintain a particular architectural style. Glass-fiber concrete is also quite successfully used for framing window openings, making porticoes, cornices, sunscreens and many other elements.

The roof made with the use of glass-fiber concrete, has also a number of advantages. GFC-constructions can externally fully repeat the usual materials used for roofing work, while surpassing them in many ways. Imitating, for example, slate or shingles, glass-fiber concrete, in contrast to them, shows inherent only to it lightness and resistance to destruction. When fixed to the roof with slate nails, it does not require drilling holes for fixing, as it does not have the fragility of a natural slate and the nail will not cause cracks.

In urban parks, squares and other places for recreation Glass fiber concrete will be indispensable for the arrangement of these places and improve the appearance by adding a lot of decorative and small architectural elements. With its help, the architect and designer will easily create a lot of beautiful objects, such as benches, flower beds, fountains, small ponds and much more. The properties of Glass Fiber Concrete allow you to make items of any shape and decorate them with any patterns. GFC-plaster is resistant to cracks, very strong and is not peeled off as usual materials.

Influence of chemical substances, often destroy traditional building materials, for Glass Fiber Concrete does not represent danger. Its soundproofing properties: resistance to corrosion and decay, fire safety - this makes it possible to use Glass Fiber Concrete in the construction of not only ordinary houses, but also tunnels, mines, highways, water pipes and other objects that impose very high requirements on construction materials.

Glass Fiber Concrete can be used quite successfully in the construction of bridges, making from it parapets and noise absorbing structures, being sufficiently extended, do not make a great load on the bridge through its low weight. In addition, glass-fiber concrete is much better than conventional concrete to protect structures and steel reinforcement from external influences, in particular from chlorinated substances.

Glass Fiber Concrete reinforced with alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh or fiber optics is also suitable for the production of large-diameter pipes. The walls in these pipes can be quite thin, and no couplings are needed. All this reduces the size of the trench for the pipe and the volume of materials used for backfilling, and also allows you to use such pipelines under the roads, heavily loaded with transport due to the durability of glass fiber reinforced concrete with alkali-resistant fiber, its resistance to high loads, to the effects of the external environment and pass through the pipes of substances.

Water pipelines and channels, consisting usually of many small, but powerful concrete elements can be made of thinner and lighter Glass Fiber Concrete parts. This is especially true for the organization of drainage and irrigation systems in difficult places. And with Glass Fiber Concrete for underground canals, a large number of support structures will not be needed, which in turn will reduce the overall cost of construction.

Cable, drainage and irrigation canal elements from Glass Fiber Concrete can also be used as permanent formwork. In this case, the Glass Fiber Concrete elements are installed in place and then poured with concrete, while the role of Glass Fiber Concrete is to create an internal profile of the channel with a smooth surface and eliminate the use of complex temporary formwork.

Remarkable properties compared to concrete and reinforced concrete
Glass fiber concrete is a material with features that distinguish it from other materials used in construction. Undoubtedly promising use of glass fiber concrete provides a set of its remarkable qualities:

  • Wear resistance, crack resistance, impact toughness, resistance to negative temperatures and weathering
  • Unlike traditional types of reinforcement, Glass fiber concrete allow the use of more efficient structural solutions, such as thin-walled structures, structures without rod or mesh or distributional and transverse reinforcement, etc.
  • It is possible to reduce the consumption of steel reinforcement or completely eliminate it, for example, in constructions with economic responsibility
  • Significantly reduces the cost of reinforcement work, increases the degree of mechanization and automation in the production of fiber-reinforced concrete structures, for example, prefabricated thin-walled shells, folds, ribbed slabs, monolithic and precast floors of industrial and public buildings, structures of permanent formwork, etc.

Note #1. Fiber reinforcements are better to use in constructions that work:

  • Mainly for impact loads, abrasion, punching and weathering
  • On compression with eccentricities in longitudinal applications, e.g. in elements of spatial ceilings
  • Bending under conditions that prevent brittle fracture

Note #2. If the GFC structures are load-bearing, they shall be formed using combined reinforcement.

Properties of GFC at the vintage age

Feature Value limits
1 Density (dry) 1700-2250 kg/m3
2 Charpy's viscosity impact 1.1-2.5 kg • mm/mm2
3 Compressive strength 490-840 kg/cm2
4 Tensile strength at bending 210-320 kg/cm2
5 Modulus of elasticity (1.0-2.5) • 104 MPa
6 Modulus of elasticity conditional elastic limit 28-70 kg/cm2 - strength limit 70-112 kg/cm2
7 Elongation at break (600-1200) • 10-5 or 0.6-1.2%
8 Shear resistance: between layers 35-54 kg/cm2 - across layers 70-102 kg/cm2
9 Thermal expansion coefficient (8-12) • 10-6 °С-1
10 Thermal conductivity 0.52-0.75 W/cm2 • °C
11 Waterproof according to GOST 12730 W6-W20
12 Filtration coefficient 10-8-10-10 cm/s
13 Frost resistance according to GOST 100600 F150-F300
14 Fire resistance Above the fire resistance of concrete
15 Combustibility Refractory material (speed of propagation of fire)
16 Sound absorption at a thickness of 15 mm 125 Hz
250 Hz
500Hz
1000 Hz
2000 Hz
27 dB
30 dB
35 dB
39 dB
40 dB

Note.

To convert kg/cm2 MPa, you can use the following relationship:
g * kg/cm2 = MPa = 10 * kg/cm2

Note.

Basic process flow diagrams of production, as well as a list of preparatory work and measures for technical quality control and safety, depending on the types of technologies and materials used, are given in departmental building codes.

Thus, the custom manufacturing of architectural elements fully comply with the technical and aesthetic requirements of a particular object, along with saving time and money, allows you to solve additional, previously unsolvable tasks, among which can be attributed:

  • creation of a new or preservation of the existing architectural style of the building;
  • strengthening of existing enclosing structures, as well as their protection from the destructive effects of atmospheric factors;
  • concealment on architectural panels of external electrical wiring for various purposes (both power and low current);
  • increasing the liquidity of the building several times;
  • carrying out a comprehensive restoration of old mansions with the preservation of all elements and the use of authentic materials in accordance with the standards of restoration.

Vivid illustration of the quality of products from the company GaudiBud:

- all manufactured products are formed manually (methods of premixing).

- special attention is paid to the observance of the technical process, exposure of the installation dimensions and the quality of castings of the front surfaces